How to conserve the National Parks in Uganda
How giving back to the communities has helped on conservation of Uganda National Parks, Game reserves and Sanctuary. Uganda Wildlife Authority (UWA) works hand in hand with the local community as one way to ensure the protection of wildlife with in Uganda’s protected areas hence conserve the national parks, traditional conservation methods used to largely exclude the local communities from protected area management, therefore the community conservation that has been employed since 1990’s, looks to be creating relationship between managers and neighboring communities on how to access protected area resources.
Uganda Wildlife Authority also encourages local community to participate in planning for and management of these resources. Community conservation unit implements a number of activities, UWA implements diverse strategies to conserve and sustainably manage wildlife. The activities include revenue sharing, wildlife conservation education and awareness, collaborative problem animal management, community participation in wildlife management all this was done so as to conserve the national parks.
The salt lakes in Queen Elizabeth National Park have been solely owned by the local communities with in the area so as to mine salt from the lakes and be able to develop their communities, this was done as one way of giving back to the community hence conserve wildlife.
Uganda Wildlife Authority addresses conservation challenges that include poaching, encroachment and illegal grazing through strategies such as enforcing patrols in all protected areas and arresting people who invade on game reserves with out permission from the Authority.
Uganda Wildlife Authority(UWA) has also worked with communities around protected areas to address other challenges between wildlife and community natives around these areas such as problem animals and human-wildlife conflicts among others.
Wildlife benefit sharing programs are aimed at achieving poverty eradication and improved community livelihoods.